ضرورت اجرای شیوه تفکیک از مبدا زباله ها در شهرها

مواد زاﺋﺪ ﺟﺎﻣﺪ ﺷﻬﺮی ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﻤﺎم ﻣﻮاد زاﺋﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ از ﻓﻌﺎﻟﯿﺘﻬﺎﯾﯽ اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ در ﺷﻬﺮ اﻧﺠﺎم ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮد اﯾﻦ ﻣﻮاد ﻫـﻢ از ﻧﻈـﺮ ﺧﻮاص ﻓﯿﺰﯾﮑﯽ و ﺷﯿﻤﯿﺎﯾﯽ ﺗﻨﻮع ﺑﺴﯿﺎر زﯾﺎدی دارﻧﺪ. در ﺣﺎل ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﭘﯿﭽﯿﺪﮔﯿﻬﺎﯾﯽ ﮐﻪ در ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻬﺮی ﺑـﻪ وﺟـﻮد آﻣـﺪه در ﮐﻤﯿﺖ و ﮐﯿﻔﯿﺖ زﺑﺎﻟﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺗﻐﯿﯿرات ﺷﮕﺮﻓﯽ را اﯾﺠﺎد ﻧﻤﻮده اﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ اﯾﻦ ﺗﻐﯿﯿﺮات و ﭘﯿﭽﯿﺪﮔﯿﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺗﯽ از ﻗﺒﯿـﻞ اﺷـﮑﺎل در ﻧﺤﻮه ﺟﺎﯾﺠﺎﯾﯽ وﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﯽ دﻓﻊ را ﻧﯿﺰ ﺑﻪ دﻧﺒﺎل داﺷﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ. ﮐﻠﯿﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﺮﺑﻮط ﺑـﻪ زﺑﺎﻟـﻪ و ﭘـﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ  را ﻣـﯽ ﺗـﻮان در ﻗﺎﻟـﺐ ﻣﺪﯾﺮﯾﺖ ﻣﻮاد زاﺋﺪ ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﻧﻤﻮد.ﻣﺪﯾﺮﯾﺖ ﻣﻮاد زاﺋﺪ ﺟﺎﻣﺪ را ﻣﯽ ﺗﻮان ﺑﻪ ﯾﮏ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﯿﺖ ﻣﯿﺎن ﺑﺨﺸﯽ ﭘﺎﯾﻪ رﯾﺰی ﺷﺪه و ﺑﺮ اﺳـﺎس اﺻﻮل ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﯽ و اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی ﺑﯿﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ آن ﯾﻌﻨﯽ ﺗﻮﻟﯿـﺪ، ذﺧﯿـﺮه در ﻣﺤـﻞ، ﺟﻤـﻊ آوری، ﺣﻤـﻞ و ﻧﻘـﻞ، ﭘـﺮدازش و ﺑﺎزﯾﺎﻓﺖ و ﻧﻬﺎﯾﺘﺎ دﻓﻊ ﻣﻮاد زاﺋﺪ ﺟﺎﻣﺪ اﻃﻼق ﻧﻤﻮد. ﺟﺪاﺳﺎزی و ﺗﻔﮑﯿﮏ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎ از ﯾﮑﺪﯾﮕﺮ در ﻣﺒﺪا ﺗﻮﻟﯿﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨـﻮان ﯾﮑـﯽ از ﮐﺎراﺗﺮﯾﻦ و اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی ﺗﺮﯾﻦ روﺷﻬﺎی ﭘﺮدازﺷﯽ اﻣﺮوزه در اﻏﻠﺐ ﮐﺸﻮرﻫﺎی دﻧﯿﺎ ﺻﻮرت ﻣﯽ ﮔﯿﺮد. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ ﺑﮑـﺎرﮔﯿﺮی اﺻـﻮﻟﯽ اﯾﻦ روش ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪودی ﺑﺎر ﻫﺰﯾﻨﻪ ﻫﺎی ﺣﻤﻞ و ﻧﻘﻞ را ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﯽ دﻫﺪ، اﻣﺎ ﮔﺎﻫﯽ در ﺟﺮﯾﺎن اﺟﺮای ﻃﺮح ﻫﺎی ﺗﻔﮑﯿـﮏ در ﻣﺒـﺪا ﺑﻪ دﻟﯿﻞ ﻋﺪم ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ رﯾﺰی اﺻﻮﻟﯽ و ﺻﺤﯿﺢ و ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ ﻋﺪم وﺟﻮد ﻣﺪﯾﺮﯾﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ، ﻫﺰﯾﻨﻪ ﻫﺎی اﯾﺠﺎد ﺷﺪه در ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻨـﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮد اﻓﺰاﯾﺶ داﺷﺘﻪ و ﺳﻮد ﺣﺎﺻﻞ از اﺟﺮای ﻃﺮح ﻫﺎی ﺗﻔﮑﯿﮏ ﺑﺴﯿﺎر ﻧﺎﭼﯿﺰ و در ﺑﺮﺧﯽ ﻣﻮارد ﻣﻨﻔـﯽ ﻣـﯽ ﺑﺎﺷـد ﺑﻨـﺎﺑﺮاﯾﻦ ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﻃﺮح ﻫﺎی ﺗﻔﮑﯿﮏ ﺗﺪوﯾﻦ ﺷﺪه از دﯾﺪﮔﺎه اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی (در ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﻣـﺴﺌﻠﻪ از دﯾـﺪﮔﺎه ﻣـﺎﻟﯽ، ﺳـﻮد اﺷـﺨﺎص در ﺟﺮﯾـﺎن اﺟﺮای ﯾﮏ ﭘﺮوژه در ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮد) و ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻫﺰﯾﻨﻪ ﻫﺎ و ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ آن ﺑﺮای ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺿﺮوری اﺳﺖ.

گفتنی است ماژول تفکیک از مبدا سیستم مدیریت هوشمند پسماند هیکو سافت یک مجموعه جامع و منطبق با تعاریف روز دنیاست که با پوشش کامل موضوع تفکیک از مبدا و ارائه اطلاعات درست و به موقع، سازمان ها مدیریت پسماند را در بالا بردن بهره وری، کارایی و در نتیجه سودآوری یاری می کند. در آینده مطالبی تحقیقی درباره نحوه سودآور بودن این پروسه در وبسایت منتشر خواهیم کرد.

 

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